According to a team of U.S. researchers, women who drink red wine are less likely to raise weight than abstemious women.
Although wine has calories, according to these scientists they replace those in other foods which are not consumed, since wine would partially satisfy the appetite.
The research, published in Archives of Internal Medicine followed over 19,000 women for 13 years. At the time of starting the study, all were 39 years or older and normal weight. The participants reported how many alcoholic drinks consumed per day, and during the 13-year study, all of them gained weight progressively.
The study, conducted at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, analyzed the consumption of 4 alcoholic beverages: red wine, white wine, beer and liquor.
Scientists discovered that participants who drank no alcohol were those that gained more weight and found an inverse relation between weight gain and consumption of alcohol.
Women who consumed less than 40 g of alcohol a day were those that were less likely to become overweight or obese.
The best association between alcohol consumption and lower risk of overweight was found in women who drank red wine, followed by white wine.
With regard to the presumable explanations, it may be due to the fact that women who consume wine, consume fewer calories from other foods, so the wine could act as a partial substitute for the food. This substitution does not work in men, so the conclusions could not be applied to them. This difference makes researchers wonder whether, in addition to habits, there is any difference between men and women when it comes to metabolize alcohol in the liver, and other differences.
Experts say, however, that people should not conclude from these results that if you want to lose weight you should drink more. As the researchers note, “given the potential problems both medical and psychosocial related to alcohol consumption, should be considered their adverse and beneficial effects for each individual before making a recommendation.”
This is not to make apology for alcoholism, but to promote responsible drinking of both wine and the overall diet, matched with healthy habits.